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Glossary

Deluxe Windows is committed to being a leading manufacturer, distributor and retailer, of the highest quality window products and services for both the new construction and remodelling industry that continually meet or exceed our customers’ expectations.

A B C D E F G H I J K M P R S T U V W
AAstragalAwning window
Astragal

The center member of a double door, which is attached to the fixed or inactive door panel.

Awning window

A window that has a single sash in which the bottom of the sash swings outward. Awnings are typically wider than they are tall.

BBay windowBetween-The-Glass Window FashionsBottom-Up Shades or BlindsBow windowBrickmold
Bay window

A composite of three windows usually made up of a large center unit and two flanking units, typically they are 30 or 45 degree angles to the wall. A bay window refers to the angle of departure from the plane of a wall.

Between-The-Glass Window Fashions

Blinds, fabric shades and grilles tucked between panes glass. Protected from dust and damage.

Bottom-Up Shades or Blinds

A standard operating shade or blind that can be raised and lowered to any position.

Bow window

A composite of four or more window units in a radial formation. Typically at a 12 or 14 degree angle to the wall.

Brickmold

Exterior casing around a wood window or door through which nails are driven to install the unit. Covers the gap between the frame and masonry opening. In some cases, siding is installed up to the edge of the brickmold.

CCasement windowCasingCheck railCircleheadCladdingClerestory windowCottage double-hung
Casement window

A window unit in which the single sash is either fixed or opens outward to the left or right. Casements are generally taller than they are wide.

Casing

Exposed molding or framing around a window or door, on either the inside or outside, to cover the space between the window frame or jamb and the wall.

Check rail

The bottom rail of the upper sash and the upper rail of the lower sash on a double or single-hung window where the lock is mounted which meet when closing. Also known as Meeting Rail and Lock Rail.

Circlehead

A generic term referring to any of a variety of window units with one or more curved frame members, often used over another window or door opening. Also known as Round Top or Half Round.

Cladding

An aluminum material bonded to the exterior faces of Deluxe wood products.

Clerestory window

A venting or fixed window above other windows or doors on an upper outside wall of a room.

Cottage double-hung

A double-hung window in which the upper sash is shorter than the lower sash.

DDesign PressureDormerDouble-hung windowDrip capDual durometer
Design Pressure

The pressure a product is designed to withstand. This value is a measure of a product’s capacity to withstand the forces of windloading, in both positive and negative directions, while it is closed and locked.

Dormer

A projection through the slope of a roof for a vertical window.

Double-hung window

A window unit that has two operable sashes which move vertically in the frame. A counterbalance mechanism usually holds the sash open or closed.

Drip cap

Horizontal molding to divert water from the top of a window unit so water drips beyond the outside of the frame. May be metal or wood.

Dual durometer

A material that has two or more levels of flexibility. An example is the weatherstripping used between the frame and sash of a casement window.

EENERGY STAR®Extrusion
ENERGY STAR®

A government-backed program helping businesses and individuals protect the environment through the use of high-efficiency products. ENERGY STAR® qualifying products, such as windows and doors, mean these items use less energy, save money and help protect the environment.

Extrusion

A form produced by forcing material through a die. Deluxe uses aluminum extrusion on the exterior of the frame on clad wood units.

FFenestrationFiberglassFixedFlashingFoam SpacerFrameFrench hinged doorFrench sliding door
Fenestration

An architectural term referring to the arrangement of windows and doors in a wall. From the Latin word, 'fenestra', meaning window.

Fiberglass

A material consisting of extremely fine glass fibers, used in making various products, such as yarns, fabrics, insulators, and structural objects or parts. Also called spun glass. Fiberglass, thread made from glass. It is made by forcing molten glass through a kind of sieve, thereby spinning it into threads. Fiberglass is strong, durable, and impervious to many caustics and to extreme temperatures. For those qualities, fabrics woven from the glass threads are widely used for industrial purposes. Fiberglass fabrics can also be made to resemble silks and cotton and are used for curtains and drapery. A wide variety of materials are made by combining fiberglass with plastic. These materials, which are rust proof, are molded into the shape required or pressed into flat sheets. Boat hulls, automobile bodies, and roofing and ceiling compositions are some of the uses to which such material is put.

Fixed

Non-venting or non-operable.

Flashing

A thin strip of metal or synthetic material that diverts water away from a window or door.

Foam Spacer

Foam material placed in the airspace of the insulating glass in windows or doors to give it the look of true divided light.

Frame

The combination of head, jambs and sill to form a precise opening in which a window sash or door panel fits.

French hinged door

A hinged door normally with wider stiles and rails but having glass panes constituting all or nearly all of its surface area.

French sliding door

A sliding patio door, which has more substantial (wider) panel frame members giving it the look of French hinged doors.

GGlazingGlazing stopGrille (Grilles)Grilles-Between-The-Glass (GBG)
Glazing

The process of applying or installing glass into a window sash or door panel. Also refers to the type of glass used in the process.

Glazing stop

A molding around the interior or exterior of a window sash or door panels holding the glass in place. Also called a glass stop.

Grille (Grilles)

Wood, plastic or metal dividers, (grilles, grids, bars) designed for a single light sash or panel to give the appearance of muntins in as multi-light sash or panel. These can be removable or fixed. Also called Muntins.

Grilles-Between-The-Glass (GBG)

Grilles are permanently installed between the panes of the insulating glass.

HHeadHeaderHopper Window
Head

The main horizontal member forming the top of the window or door frame.

Header

A horizontal framing member placed over the rough opening of a window or door to prevent the weight of wall or roof from resting on the window frame.

Hopper Window

A window unit in which the top of the sash swings inward.

IInsulating glass (IG)
Insulating glass (IG)

A combination of two or more panes of glass with a hermetically sealed air space between the panes of glass. This space may or may not be filled with an inert gas, such as argon.

JJambJamb liner
Jamb

The main vertical members forming the sides of a window or door frame.

Jamb liner

The track in single hung and double hung window frame jambs on which the sashes slide.

KKnocked down (KD)
Knocked down (KD)

An unassembled window or door unit.

MMasonry openingMortiseMortise-and-tenonMullionMuntinMuntin Bar
Masonry opening

The space in a masonry wall left open for windows or door.

Mortise

A slot or rectangular cavity cut into a piece of wood to receive another part.

Mortise-and-tenon

A strong wood joint made by fitting together a mortise in one part and a matching projecting tenon in the other. Used as a corner joint in Deluxe sashes.

Mullion

A wood, metal or vinyl part used to structurally join two window or door units.

Muntin

Applies to any short or light bar, either vertical or horizontal, used to separate glass in a sash into multiple lights. Also called a windowpane divider or a grille.

Muntin Bar

Any small bar that divides window or door glass. Also called a grille or windowpane divider.

PPalladian windowPanePanelParting stop
Palladian window

A large, arch-top window flanked by smaller windows on each side.

Pane

A framed sheet of glass within a window or door frame.

Panel

Usually refers to the separate panel or panels in a door frame. A panel may be operable or stationary.

Parting stop

A narrow strip, either integral or applied, that olds a sash or panel in position in a window or door frame.

RR-ValueRailRough opening
R-Value

Resistance to thermal transfer or heat flow. Higher R-value numbers indicate greater insulating value. It is the inverse of the U-Value (R=1/U).

Rail

The horizontal top and bottom members of a window sash or door panel.

Rough opening

The framed opening in a wall into which a window or door unit is to be installed.

SSashSash cordSash liftSidelightsSillSimulated divided lightSingle glazingSingle-hungSliding Patio DoorSolar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC)Sound Transmission Class (STC) RatingStileStoolStop
Sash

A single assembly of stiles and rails made into a frame for holding glass.

Sash cord

The rope or chain which attaches to the sash and the balance system of a single-hung or double-hung window.

Sash lift

A handle used to assist in raising and lowering the sash of a single-hung or double-hung window.

Sidelights

A fixed frame of glass beside a window or door.

Sill

The main horizontal member forming the bottom of the frame of a window or door.

Simulated divided light

Grilles permanently bonded to the interior and exterior of the insulating glass simulating a divided light appearance.

Single glazing

Single thickness of glass in a window or door.

Single-hung

A double-hung type of window in which the top sash is fixed or inoperable.

Sliding Patio Door

Patio door in which a vent panel moves horizontally on a track system past a fixed panel.

Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC)

A measure of how effective a window or door is at keeping out solar heat. It is calculated by taking the amount of solar heat that enters a room through a window or door (center glass), divided by the amount that is actually contacting the exterior of the unit. The lower the value, the better the unit keeps out solar heat.

Sound Transmission Class (STC) Rating

Measures the amount of noise reduction that can be achieved with a given product. A noise reduction of 10 decibels represents cutting the noise level in half, as interpreted by the human ear. So a rating of 25 means that the product reduces the outside noise by approximately 25 decibels, cutting the noise in half 2-1/2 times, or cutting it by over 80 percent.

Stile

The vertical members of a window sash or door panel.

Stool

An interior trim piece on a window which extends the sill and acts as a narrow shelf.

Stop

A molding used to hold, position or separate window parts.

TTempered glassTenonThermal breakTilt-Only BlindsTop-Down ShadesTransom
Tempered glass

Glass manufactured to withstand greater than normal forces on it surface. It is approximately five times stronger than annealed glass. When it breaks, it shatters into small pieces to reduce hazard. Tempered glass can not be cut after tempering.

Tenon

A rectangular projection cut out of a piece of wood for insertion into a mortise.

Thermal break

An element of low conductance placed between elements of higher conductance to reduce the flow of heat (or cold). Often used in non-wood windows.

Tilt-Only Blinds

Blinds are fixed at the top and bottom of the window and tilt for light control.

Top-Down Shades

When extra privacy is desired, choose a top-down shade -- shade is only adjustable from the top, allowing light to come through the top of the window.

Transom

A small window that fits over the top of a door or window, primarily for additional light and aesthetic value.

UU-value
U-value

The rate of heat transfer through a window, door or skylight (center-glass). The lower the U-value, the better the insulating properties of the unit or glazing system.

VVent PanelVent Unit
Vent Panel

The panel that moves horizontally on a sliding patio door.

Vent Unit

A window unit that opens and closes.

WWeatherstripWindload
Weatherstrip

A material of device used to seal the openings, gaps or cracks of venting windows and doors to minimize water and air infiltration.

Windload

The pressure, positive or negative, acting on an external surface of a building caused by the direct action of the wind.

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